Program Overview

The United States Army Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) came into being with the passage of the National Defense Act of 1916. Under the provisions of the Act, high schools were authorized the loan of federal military equipment and the assignment of active duty military personnel as instructors. There was a condition that the instructors follow a prescribed course of training and maintain a minimum enrollment of 100 students over the age of 14 years who were US citizens.

In 1964, the Vitalization Act opened JROTC up to the other services and replaced most of the active duty instructors with retirees who worked for and were cost shared by the schools. Title 10 of the U.S. Code declares that "the purpose of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps is to instill in students in United States secondary educational institutions the value of citizenship, service to the United States, personal responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment."

The JROTC Program has changed greatly over the years. Once looked upon primarily as a source of enlisted recruits and officer candidates, it became a citizenship program devoted to the moral, physical and educational uplift of American youth. Although the program retained its military structure and the resultant ability to infuse in its student cadets a sense of discipline and order, it shed most of its early military content. The study of ethics, citizenship, communications, leadership, life skills and other subjects designed to prepare young men and woman to take their place in adult society, evolved as the core of the program.

More recently, an improved student centered curriculum focusing on character building and civic responsibility is being presented in every JROTC classroom. JROTC is a continuing success story. From a modest beginning of 6 units in 1916, JROTC has expanded to 1555 schools today and to every state in the nation and American schools overseas. Cadet enrollment has grown to 273,000 cadets with 3,900 professional instructors in the classrooms. Comprised solely of active duty Army retirees, the JROTC instructors serve as mentors developing the outstanding young citizens of our country. The JROTC program is offered to any high school student, grades 9-12. Cadets earn 1 credit per semester they are in the program and passing. If a cadet is in the JROTC program each semester of every year of high school and passes, they will recieve 8 credits. We also have 8 LET levels
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Curriculum. There are six (6) major subjects areas addressed in JROTC. These courses of instruction are below.

Citizenship in American History

This unit introduces cadets to the values and principle that underlie good citizenship. Emphasis is placed on topics such as the importance of the U.S. Constitution, Bill of Rights, basic national value, the federal justice system, and to service the community. Cadets are also introduced to a variety of significant events and historical figures that contributed to our citizenship and American History. This area of studies includes subject historical perspectives of the U. S. military to customs and courtesies. Cadets will learn the role of our military has played in the development of our country.


This unit introduces cadets to basic leadership concepts to include principles, values, supervision, and decision-making. Cadets will be given the opportunity to demonstrate their leadership potential through the applications of these concepts in their leadership positions. Ever student enrolled in JROTC will be entrusted with the responsibility to lead at some point in his/her affiliation with the Grey Hound Battalion. Fundamentals of leadership are taught initially thru Drill and Ceremony (Marching), which stresses self-discipline, teamwork, attention-to-detail, and military bearing. Cadets demonstrating a high degree of proficiency in this area will be selected to one of the OHSH Drill Teams, Color Guard, and/or Flag Details. These teams compete throughout the year against other JROTC programs and perform in ceremonies throughout the Gulf Coast.

Foundation for Success

This unit provides the essential skills cadets will need to maximize learning potential and future successes. They will assess current skill sets and work to develop their maximum potential. Cadets will apply learning theory and techniques to improve study, communication, teaching, and planning skills. Social responsibilities conflict resolution and service learning opportunities provides further cadet development.

Wellness, Fitness, and First-Aid

This subject area develops cadet’s appreciation for the importance of physical fitness in maintaining good health and appearance. This unit will also explain basic information about nutrients and how to obtain them, how to select the proper fords to ensure good diets, how to control fat, and information on several common eating disorders. It will give cadets the opportunity to demonstrate proficiency in basic first aid/life-saving skills. It also enhances the cadet’s awareness of substance abuse and prevention. Lastly, physical training will generally be conducted weekly (at a minimum) for all cadets.

Geography, map skills, and environmental Awareness

Cadets will be taught local, national, and global locales of interest with regard to current events. Map reading, land navigation, and recognition of basic terrain features will be taught via a combination of classroom and hands-on application. JROTC also reinforces and protection of the environment and cadets will participate in service projects that support this theme.

Citizenship in American History and Government

Provides an introduction to government and civic responsibilities of citizens.  The history section focuses on civic responsibilities and military history and addresses reasons for wars and battles.  This unit builds cadets basic skills and interest for participation in civic and political life.  Cadets actively engage in the We The People curriculum to explore the origins, structure, rights, and responsibilities of the American constitutional government.  The unit is designed to actively engage cadets in applying problem solving strategies to current political and social issues.
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